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A sample essay on Ecotourism


Assignment Instructions

You are to write an essay about ecotourism based on some of the research that has been conducted. Most of this research is reported in academic books and journal articles. In your essay, you will need to briefly describe these reports, and present points to support your overall argument.

Your review of the research literature may cover a range of issues, but it may include:
An overview of the research methods used (is it mostly qualitative or quantitative), try to identify the key researchers or papers (one or two), what are the main areas covered by the research, what areas have not been well researched (gaps in the literature) and the groups that may benefit from the research

Your paper should be set out in ESSAY format:
List of References

A minimum of 20 references is required. These should mainly be academic books, journal articles and reports. You may also include a small number (2 or 3) of articles from sources such as magazines, websites and other popular press and media.

referencing format – APA style.

Visitation to natural sites has increased in past decades and places such as the Great Barrier Reef, desert and rainforests are major attractions in Australia. These places are also sensitive to damage by tourists, and so “ecotourism” has developed as a means to control negative impacts. Examine the literature about natural area tourism and ecotourism. You will need to define “ecotourism” and how it differs from other types of tourism. Focus on the positive and negative impacts that ecotourism aims to control. You may use examples from anywhere in the world.

Make sure to Put references at the end of every sentence. references should not be older than 2013.




Ecotourism is the travel or visit to natural environments that are threatened for the purpose of conservation of the area. Ecotourism and conserving the area also involves helping the people located in that particular environment (Buckley, 2013). Ecotourism can also be for the purpose of educating the tourists, culture preservation and political reasons. Many environmentalists have been focusing on the ecotourism to ensure preservation of environment and human culture and rights. Involving the people leaving around the visited site is of great importance because they help in the conservation of the area. Ecotourism is an area that has been developing steadily with many tourists taking interest in it.

Different researches have been done globally based on ecotourism. The methods used to obtain information in the researches varied from questionnaires to interviewing the people in that particular environment. The number of people used to collect the data varied from different places but they were a minimum of 100 people. The questions in the questionnaires could tell how valuable the resources in the area were to the people leaving in it (Fennell, 2014). The culture of the people in that particular area, their interest in preserving their environment and ways they have used in their past to protect their environment. The interview conducted involved a good number of people that new more about their environment. They helped in educating the researchers with new information that they did not know because they were not recorded anywhere. The researches conducted were both qualitative and quantitative in that, a good number of people were used in both the interviews and the questionnaire to obtain quality information that were used in writing the reports(Chiu& Chan, 2014). The data collected in the different reports were as well analyzed to ensure the report had accurate information. The statistical data were as well analyzed for the purpose of accuracy of the report.


In the different researches, there was interest in knowing the importance of the resources to the people leaving in the area. The researches focused in how the environment benefited the people economically. The findings in the reports showed in some places the people were very interested in protecting their environment due to its economic value while in other places the people were not very keen in their environment and its resources (Fetcher, 2014). The findings in the reports showed that in other places the people were not very much aware of the need to protect their environment or culture and how valuable it can be to their economic growth. Therefore more awareness should be created on the importance of preserving environment, its economic value and importance of ecotourism. Many people according to the reports only knew about tourism and not ecotourism which is the reason why much awareness should be created to promote it.

Ecotourism according to the reports have been of great importance to the environment and people. It has benefited people in different ways but mainly economically since the people visiting the areas contribute financially to support the people or the environmental projects in the area. The visitation at the different area promote culture preservation since when people notice that their culture is valued by others the embrace it more. Ecotourism has led to discovery of unutilized resources in different parts of the world (Sakata & Prideaux, 2013). The managing of the natural resources has been promoted by the establishment of ecotourism in many parts of the world. Ecotourism has created co-existence between the humans and the wild animals in that, the humans have realized the importance of existence of the wild animals in their environment. They are the main promotion of tourism in many areas which also lead to creation of jobs and revenue to the government. Ecotourism has promoted the learning and appreciation of different cultures since people get attracted to different practices in of the people. Many countries have benefited from ecotourism in their countries since it promotes environmental preservation awareness, and boosts its economy. It has promoted the conservation of the wild life in many countries where they use to porch the wild animals (Pegas et al, 2013).

Ecotourism have had many positive impacts in the environment and the tourism industry but it has as well caused negative impacts to the people leaving in the area. In some places people have been evicted or relocated to other places in order to preserve the available resources in a particular area. There have been violation of human rights in some places where they were forcefully taken out of their homes and properties destroyed without their consent or compensation of their properties (Nahuelhual et al, 2013). There has been spending of huge amount of money in the ecotourism sector to improve it but some have not yield good results leading to huge loss to the government or the organizations responsible.

In conclusion, ecotourism is a part of tourism industry that has been developing in the past years with new areas to develop being identified. The researches done in the area have shown that many people are beginning to embrace ecotourism and have known its benefits to the society and the country. Preservation of the environment and management of the available resources in natural areas has increased due to its benefits to the society. Ecotourism has lead to gaining of knowledge and new discoveries concerning different cultures of people. Ecotourism based on the written reports should be encouraged worldwide since it has many positive impacts to the society and the environment. The negative impacts can be minimized if a good strategy is set to deal with them.






Benckendorff, P., & Moscardo, G. (2013). Generational cohorts and ecotourism.

Cheia, G. (2013). Ecotourism: Definition and Concepts. Revista de turism-studii si cercetari in turism, (15), 56-60.

Buckley, R. (2013). Defining ecotourism: Consensus on core, disagreement on detail. International handbook on ecotourism, 9-14.

Chiu, Y. T. H., Lee, W. I., & Chen, T. H. (2014). Environmentally responsible behavior in ecotourism: Antecedents and implications. Tourism management40, 321-329.

Cisneros-Montemayor, A. M., Barnes-Mauthe, M., Al-Abdulrazzak, D., Navarro-Holm, E., & Sumaila, U. R. (2013). Global economic value of shark ecotourism: implications for conservation. Oryx47(03), 381-388.

Dolnicar, S., Yanamandram, V., & Juvan, E. (2013). Ecotourists-Who are they and what should we really call them?. International handbook on ecotourism, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, United Kingdom, 95-107.

Fennell, D. A. (2014). Ecotourism. Routledge.

Fletcher, R. (2014). Romancing the wild: Cultural dimensions of ecotourism(p. 264). Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

GhulamRabbany, M., Afrin, S., Rahman, A., Islam, F., & Hoque, F. (2013). Environmental effects of tourism. American Journal of Environment, Energy and Power Research1(7), 117-130.

Hoyman, M. M., & McCall, J. R. (2013). Is there trouble in paradise? The perspectives of Galapagos community leaders on managing economic development and environmental conservation through ecotourism policies and the Special Law of 1998. Journal of Ecotourism12(1), 33-48.

Hultman, M., Kazeminia, A., & Ghasemi, V. (2015). Intention to visit and willingness to pay premium for ecotourism: The impact of attitude, materialism, and motivation. Journal of Business Research68(9), 1854-1861.

Kiper, T. (2013). Role of ecotourism in sustainable development. Advances in Landscape Arhitecture, Kiper, licensee InTech.

Lanfranchi, Maurizio, Carlo Giannetto, and Angelina De Pascale. “Nature based tourism: Natural balance, impacts and management.” Calitatea 15.S1 (2014): 224.

Langoya, C., & Long, C. (2016). Local communities and ecotourism development in Budongo forest reserve, Uganda.

Liu, J., Qu, H., Huang, D., Chen, G., Yue, X., Zhao, X., & Liang, Z. (2014). The role of social capital in encouraging residents’ pro-environmental behaviors in community-based ecotourism. Tourism Management41, 190-201.

Machnik, A. (2013). Nature-based tourism as an introduction to ecotourism experience-A new approach. Journal of Tourism Challenges and Trends6(1), 75.

Nahuelhual, L., Carmona, A., Lozada, P., Jaramillo, A., & Aguayo, M. (2013). Mapping recreation and ecotourism as a cultural ecosystem service: an application at the local level in Southern Chile. Applied Geography40, 71-82.

Pegas, F. D. V., Coghlan, A., Stronza, A., & Rocha, V. (2013). For love or for money? Investigating the impact of an ecotourism programme on local residents’ assigned values towards sea turtles. Journal of Ecotourism12(2), 90-106.

Reimer, J. K., & Walter, P. (2013). How do you know it when you see it? Community-based ecotourism in the Cardamom Mountains of southwestern Cambodia. Tourism Management34, 122-132.

Riasi, A., & Pourmiri, S. (2015). Effects of online marketing on Iranian ecotourism industry: Economic, sociological, and cultural aspects.Management Science Letters5(10), 915-926.

Sakata, H., & Prideaux, B. (2013). An alternative approach to community-based ecotourism: a bottom-up locally initiated non-monetised project in Papua New Guinea. Journal of Sustainable Tourism21(6), 880-899.

Smith, M. K. (2014). Tourism and cultural change. Need ebooks? Visit www. pdfbook. co. ke today and download thousands of ebooks in pdf format…, 175.





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