Today it’s hard to imagine the educational process without homework. Since childhood, it’s usual for us to do homework, but few of us wonder about the origins of homework. Who was the person that first believed in the importance of homework? What were the first homework givers trying to achieve? When was the first homework assigned and how did we get to where we are today? Find out who invented homework and when those events took place!
The first facts concerning homework date back to the ancient Rome. In the 1st century AD, Pliny the Younger, a teacher of oratory arts first asked his Quintilian followers to do some work at home. He believed that the more informal atmosphere of a family circle might help his students to develop better speaking skills in a shorter time. The results of the first homework given in history were so amazing and inspirational that the teachers all around the world later adopted this approach.
However, the first homework as we know it today was introduced by Italian teacher Roberto Nevilis, who thought of homework as a form of punishment for his students in the early 20th century. Since then more and more teachers started giving homework, and back when your grandparents were students, homework was already entirely every day.
Even though the official birth-date of homework is 1905, homework became known to many people since the late 19th century. During that time the approach to teaching began to change; tutors no longer viewed homework as an optional aspect of the teaching process and instead started thinking of it as an integral part of the studies. Homework has one important goal which is to teach the student how to study independently and complete tasks. For the homework to fulfill the goals set by the teaching process, it should meet the following criteria: